One of the things I like best about "S" that I think new authors should consider embracing to some degree is the use of transmedia storytelling... The 1949 novel "Ship of Theseus" The ephemeral inserts - telegrams, articles, photographs, code wheel Trailers and extras distributed on YouTube, Tumblr, Twitter The margin notes between Jennifer Heyward and Eric Husch The footnotes and ciphers exchanged between FXC and VMS
Now, of course, not every author will be able to embrace this full method of transmedia storytelling, but with the tools available on the Internet, it would be quite easy to share extras that enhance the story online through websites, social media channels, etc.
Another great aspect of "S" that should be considered by new authors is ergodic storytelling - stories that require work to fully understand. "S" leaves important parts of the story hidden at first glance, but after a real study - especially in collaboration with other fans - the mystery begins to unfold. The work required to solve the mysteries of "S" go well beyond a once-through read, and many find that work very satisfying.
The last thing that I think might help a new author that is featured in "S" is the great style Doug Dorst gives us - his word play ("steam clouds clot the sky, bullying the mist") and deep insights into S's thoughts ("A shooter is not just a man with a gun, but a man who chooses to pull its trigger") make for a very introspective reader experience.
I hope that helps. Good luck as you put together your first novel.